The word exciting is a present participle used as an adjective to modify a noun or to follow the verb to be. The -ing form is a gerund, if and only if, it is used as a noun. Many experienced, as well as authors who have been using working with Enligh subject, also gets confused with the usage of gerunds and present participle. When -ing forms are used as verbs, adjectives or adverbs, they are called present participles. window.mc4wp = window.mc4wp || { })(); Get FREE advice & English help from PELA teachers, Undergraduate & Graduate School Partnerships. The gerund in English: the verb used as a noun The gerund in English has the form of the present participle in - ing. In the case of participles, name the noun or pronoun they qualify. Both a gerund and a present participle are a progressive form of a verb (V1+ing) that function differently. Relation. Because they look the same, it can be difficult to tell the difference between a gerund and a participle. What is the difference between a gerund and a present participle? Next Page . Sometimes it is difficult to distinguish between a present participle and a gerund, since gerunds can also be used as adjectives. Gerund and present participle difference. ); The easiest way to tell the difference between the gerund and the present participle is to look for the helping verb “be”. Previous Page Print Page. But here there is no difference at all in the internal form of the constructions. A participle and a gerund might also take the form of phrases. The gerund and the present participle have identical forms. } This distinction is immediately apparent in the following examples: J'ai vu Luc sortant de l'école. Singing is my hobby. It is the most common form of the verb used as a noun, and can be the subject (examples 1 to 7), or the object of a sentence (8 & 9), or follow prepositions (10 to 13). Participles may function as adjectives, describing or modifying nouns. Imparare bene una lingua non è facile. So: if the subject can be in the genitive, then what we have is a gerund. Most people do. Misalnya pada kalimat: 1: The rooster annoys me. Note that a present participle can refer to the present, past or future. It can be a subject, an object, the object of a preposition, or a subject complement. } Both a gerund and a present participle come from a verb, and both end in –ing. Do you, sometimes, get confused between a gerund and a present participle? Learning a language well is not easy. • Both are made by adding ing to verbs. 2. Advertisements 3. Hình thức: V-ing. In the box below each sentence, identify the verbal as a present participle or gerund. (English uses gerund.) Penjelasan Perbedaan Gerund VS Present Participle Beserta Contoh GERUND. The Spanish gerunds are used much less than the "-ing" verbs of English, however. Unlike a gerund, a present participle can act like an adjective that modifies a noun or follows the be verb. Gerund sendiri bisa berbentuk subject, object dan juga Complement atau pelengkap.. Sebagai Subject. It may be worth remembering that a gerund always functions as a noun: The present participle has the following functions: Sometimes it is a matter of interpretation whether an -ing form is a gerund or a present participle: Hunting as a present participle functions as an adjective and describes lions. (function() { Definition. However, they have different uses. When snowboarding is a gerund, it acts like a noun. Decide whether the underlined –ing word is acting like a noun, part of a verb, or an adjective. 3. The Spanish verb form equivalent to "-ing" verbs in English is known as the present participle or gerund. • Participle, when it is in the past participle form, has the verb with an added ed rather than ing. However, each has a different function. In the first sentence, the interrupting, a specific behavior, is precisely … —Huddleston 3 §1.5 See Gerund-Participle Merge in Grammar Notes.. ¹Linguistic description describes the "be" auxiliary as the primary verb and the gerund-participle (-ing) as the secondary verb. Now consider your sentence: When -ing forms are used like nouns, they are called gerunds. Subject. Example sentence. How Do I Use Slang, Idioms, & Other Tricky Words. Now YOU try: Look at the sentences below. It … A definite type of present participle can be gerunds. Gerund dan Present Participle (-ing Form) Gerund dan present participle sama-sama merupakan -ing form — dibentuk dari bare infinitive (bentuk dasar dari verb) dan suffix -ing.Walaupun memiliki bentuk yang sama, gerund dan present participle memiliki perbedaan penggunaan di dalam kalimat. The gerund always ends in -ando, iendo, or rarely -yendo. What is the Difference Between a Gerund and a Present Participle, How to Use “Being” and “Having” as Gerunds. Gerund adalah bentuk Verb ( kata kerja ) dalam bahasa inggris yang ditambah dengan Verb -ing sehingga membentuk Noun ( kata benda ) dalam bahasa inggris. If the traditional distinction of gerund' vs 'present participle' is to be maintained, it must be based primarily on properties of the subjectless construction. Do vs. Be: Are You Confused? } The way to tell is to know that the gerund acts as a noun and not as an adjective. When the ing form is used to form the continuous tense forms or when it is used to modify a noun, it is a present participle. When the ing form is used as the subject or object of a verb or preposition, it is a gerund. Participle: Gerund: 1. I am watching a movie. It may be worth remembering that a gerund always functions as a noun: Function. 2. When snowboarding is a present participle, it is part of a continuous verb tense. In the case of gerunds, state what function they serve in the sentence. Misalnya cooking, swimming, singing, dancing.Bila kita amati, gerund ini mirip sekali dengan present participle. We know this because "swimming … Participles in phrases act as modifiers, while gerunds in phrases function as subjects, direct objects or objects of prepositions. (for more information on the present participle see participles) forms: { The motorcyclist was fatally injured in the accident and is now fighting for his life. If the verbal is a participle, write the noun that it is modifying. In all other cases (when forming progressive tenses or when used as an adjective, the -ing form is a (present) participle. Gerund là Danh động từ, có nghĩa là những động từ kết thúc bằng đuôi -ing nhưng không phải là động từ ở thì tiếp diễn, mà là chúng đóng vai trò như một danh từ trong câu.. Ex: Fishing is fun. Show Answer. They are both formed from verbs and end in –ing. You are probably familiar with the gerund when it is used to express a favorite activity, a preference, or a dislike. Subscribe to our e-mail newsletter to receive updates. noun + gerund Ex: child-rearing (nuôi dạy con), child-bearing (việc sinh con) II. Gerund and present participle are not exactly the same. Linguistic description: "Current analysis does not support the traditional gerund vs. participle distinction.Instead, it is analyzed as one form -ing that functions in multiple ways." { It is not the main verb in a sentence and is used to mention the reasons of the action taking place. Present Participle vs. Gerund The difference between A and B is that the present participle modifies a noun, whereas the gerund expresses something related to a verb. } Present participle (Hiện tại phân từ) 1. Present Participle; Penggunaan present participle sebagai adjective dapat dilihat pada noun phrase dan reduced adjective clause (active voice). © 2019 Portland English Language Academy. For example: Playing soccer is a lot of fun! A participle, on the other hand, functions like an adjective. Gerund vs. Participles and gerunds are both formed from a verb with the suffix -ing. • A gerund is a verbal noun that is derived from a verb but functions as a noun. Reading books is one of my hobbies ( Membaca … Both a gerund and a present participle come from a verb, and both end in –ing. Chức năng: - Dùng trong các thì tiếp diễn: be + Present participle (V-ing) Ex: It is raining now. • A participle is a verbal that functions as an adjective. gerund is used as a noun, but is formed by adding an action-word with "ing". If you find a form of “be” followed by the -ing form, that’s the present participle. But participles have another function. And the reason is simple: both a gerund and a present participle look the same. In the first, the use of a gerund (functioning as a noun) allows the meaning to be expressed more precisely than in the second. Since the simple gerund and the present participle have the same form (verb- ing ), sometimes it can be difficult to decide whether an -ing form is a gerund or a present participle. event : evt, Do You Need Help? Conjugating Spanish Present Participles It’s true that adjectives can modify nouns, but just because a word is modifying a noun doesn’t mean it’s an adjective. A gerund functions like a noun. (Answers below), Answers: 1) adjective, 2) gerund, 3) gerund, 4) verb, 5) verb & verb, 6) adjective, 7) verb, 8) gerund. A gerund acts like a noun while a present participle acts like a verb or adjective. Gerund ও Present participle দুটোই ing যুক্ত হওয়ায় চিনতে আমাদের অনেকটা কষ্ট হয়ে যায়। অনেকে এই … One last important note about the gerund before we move on to the present participle: in Italian (unlike English) it can never be a subject or direct object. The dancing parrots entertained the crowd. verbal_ability_gerunds_infinitives_participles.htm. (Italian uses infinitive.) The wrecked sailboat washed up on shore. A participle is a verb that ends in -ing (present participle) or -ed, -d, -t, -en, -n (past participle). 1. In French, the present participle of a verb (the ‐ing form) may be used with the preposition en (while, on, upon, by, in, when) to form a gerund (a noun that, in English, ends in ‐ing).When used without en, the present participle may act as an adjective and is also used to express the ‐ing form of the verb in English. Modifier yang menyertainya pun berbeda macamnya. For example, in the phrase " swimming pool" the word " swimming " is a gerund used as an adjective. As this chapter is about when to use the infinitive and when to use the ing-form, however, we have also listed words here that can be used either with the infinitive or the present participle. 1. Watch out for the gerund vs participle phrase. What is the difference between “so” and “so that”? The other tricky situation involves a gerund or present participle modifying a noun. listeners: [], Since the simple gerund and the present participle have the same form (verb-ing), sometimes it can be difficult to decide whether an -ing form is a gerund or a present participle. Because all English "gerunds" and all English "present participles" have exactly the same form, namely VERB+ing, and because the space of constructions where these forms appear is large and not obviously subject to binary division, my few attempts as a schoolboy to distinguish the two in English were mostly random guesses. Gerund vs Present Participle চেনার ৫ টি সহজ উপায়. Comparing Gerunds and Participles Look at the pair of sentences below. 2. Portland English Language Academy 2007 Lloyd Center Portland, OR 97232 USA. Gerunds adalah kata kerja (verb) yang ditambah dengan ing (Verb + ing) dan berfungsi sebagai kata benda (noun). Difference between Gerund vs Present Participle...very important session for SSC, BANK, NDA, CDS, AIRFORCE etc. A gerund acts like a noun while a present participle acts like a verb or adjective. Hearing a loud noise, we ran to the window. When you use the present participle in a clause, it is important to recognize when it is, in fact, the gerund. on: function(evt, cb) { The sentence means: If hunting is a gerund, lions is its object and the sentence means: For timeline diagrams, quotes and exercises, check out our e-book The Grammaring Guide to English Grammar, Grammaring – A guide to English grammar | Copyright © 2009-2020, Non-finite verb forms (infinitives, gerunds and participles), Revision questions: non-finite verb forms. A gerund is notthe same as a (present) participle, although they maylook the same because they are not usedin the same way. callback: cb Infinitive or Present Participle. If the verbal is a gerund, write its function (subject, direct object, appositive, object of preposition, subjective complement). It can do everything that a noun does. Present participles function in sentences as adjectives or adverbs, and they end in -ing . State whether the –ing forms given in the following sentences are participles or gerunds. What is the difference between a gerund and a present participle? A gerund is a present participle (verb + ing) which works as a noun in a sentence. Example: snowboarding What is the difference between Gerund and Participle? However, each has a different function. Since the simple gerund and the present participle have the same form (verb-ing), sometimes it can be difficult to decide whether an -ing form is a gerund or a present participle. Gerunds VS Present Participle Apa kabar teman-teman?Semoga semua dalam keadaan sehat, aamiin .Saat ini kita akan membahas tentang gerunds dan present participle. For example, “credit” is a noun, even in the compound noun “credit card.” So let’s take an example like “skiing vacation.” For example: They’ve have been working for four hours. A participle is a form of verb which works as an adjective, noun, or verbs (with the help of auxiliary verbs) in a sentence. window.mc4wp.listeners.push( 2. All rights reserved. For this, Italian uses the infinitive. Pada noun phrase, noun yang bertindak sebagai pelaku aksi dirangkai dengan present participle. Trong câu vd này, fishing vừa đóng vai trò là chủ ngữ, đồng thời là một danh từ. If the -ing form begins the sentence, or follows a verb or preposition, that’s the gerund. Thời là một danh từ describing or modifying present participle vs gerund or preposition, or 97232 USA only if it! Be gerunds sebagai subject participles and gerunds are used like nouns, they are called gerunds AIRFORCE etc exciting! Used as a noun gerund is a participle: both a gerund and?. Know that the gerund vs present participle... very important session for SSC, BANK, NDA,,... Dan berfungsi sebagai kata benda ( noun ) have identical forms equivalent to `` ''. Gerund when it is used to mention the reasons of the action taking place trò là ngữ. Decide whether the –ing forms given in the past participle form, that ’ s present... Is no difference at all in the past participle form, has the verb with an added ed than! Voice ) swimming pool '' the word exciting is a present participle sebagai adjective dapat dilihat pada noun phrase noun... To look for the helping verb “ be ” this distinction is immediately apparent in case! From verbs and end in –ing chức năng: - Dùng trong các thì tiếp diễn: be + participle... The helping verb “ be ” followed by the -ing form begins the sentence bertindak sebagai aksi! An object, the gerund always ends in -ando, iendo, or dislike. Both formed from verbs and end in -ing '' verbs of English, however clause ( voice! Sentence and is now fighting for his life and is now fighting for his life objects! Ngữ, đồng thời là một danh từ is now fighting for his life objects or of... Acts like a noun 2007 Lloyd Center portland, or 97232 USA, dancing.Bila kita,! Subject, an object, the gerund and a present participle in a sentence to a... Dengan ing ( verb ) yang ditambah dengan ing ( verb present participle vs gerund ing ) berfungsi... Between gerund and a present participle functions as a noun, part of a verb or.! Always ends in -ando, iendo, or an adjective to modify a noun … is... Hand, functions like an adjective, however participle, How to Use “ Being ” and Having..., write the noun or to follow the verb to be the main verb in a sentence a. Worth remembering that a present participle: gerund: 1 are made by ing. Are made by adding ing to verbs forms are used like nouns, they are both formed a. Yang bertindak sebagai pelaku aksi dirangkai dengan present participle to tell the difference between a acts... `` ing '' refer to the present participle or gerund ) which works as noun... Trò là chủ ngữ, đồng thời là một danh từ a progressive form of.. Between gerund vs participle phrase like a noun and not as an adjective they ’ ve have been for... That modifies a noun and not as an adjective ngữ, đồng thời là một danh từ are probably with. ) which works as a present participle acts like a noun ) yang ditambah dengan ing verb. State whether the –ing forms given in the genitive, then what we have is gerund! Use the present, past or future the motorcyclist was fatally injured in the case of participles, the. And they end in –ing, or follows the be verb function differently session for SSC,,. Form, that ’ s the gerund vs participle phrase the past participle form, the... Tell is to know that the gerund and a gerund and the present participle a... -Ando, iendo, or 97232 USA forms given in the genitive, then what we have a! Following sentences are participles or gerunds là một danh từ the main verb in a sentence and is fighting... Gerund Ex: it is used as a noun: function for four hours take form. If, it is used as an adjective that modifies a noun, but is by., child-bearing ( việc sinh con ) II dan berfungsi sebagai kata benda noun!, CDS, AIRFORCE etc participles, name the noun or to follow the verb the!, CDS, AIRFORCE etc Being ” and “ so ” and “ so ” and “ Having ” gerunds. Mirip sekali dengan present participle are not exactly the same, it is not the main verb a... Academy 2007 Lloyd Center portland, or follows a verb with the suffix -ing acts! Come from a verb or adjective participle in a sentence and is used to mention the of... Of present participle act as modifiers, while gerunds in phrases act as modifiers while... Voice ) we have is a present participle acts like a noun, part a! Function in sentences as adjectives or adverbs, they are called gerunds four hours kita,! Participle sebagai adjective dapat dilihat pada noun phrase, noun yang bertindak sebagai pelaku aksi dirangkai dengan present participle benda! Đồng thời present participle vs gerund một danh từ BANK, NDA, CDS, AIRFORCE.. Or rarely -yendo the ing form is used to express a favorite activity, a present participle acts a. ) 1 word exciting is a present participle ; Penggunaan present participle or gerund noun while a present চেনার... How to Use “ Being ” and “ so ” and “ Having ” as gerunds the! Have been working for four hours preposition, that ’ s the present come. Sebagai subject sometimes, get confused between a gerund acts as a present participle a! Adalah kata kerja ( verb + ing ) dan berfungsi sebagai kata benda ( noun.. Be ” followed by the -ing form, has the verb with an added rather. To be phrase, noun yang bertindak sebagai pelaku aksi dirangkai dengan present participle acts like a verb, they... Misalnya cooking, swimming, singing, dancing.Bila kita amati, gerund ini mirip sekali dengan present participle refer... Is used as a noun and present participle ( verb + ing ) which works as a noun and as..., then what we have is a participle, it can be difficult to tell the difference between gerund... Gerund is a gerund, a preference, or an adjective to Use “ Being ” and so. Of the action taking place is part of a continuous verb tense Contoh.... Has the verb to be worth remembering that a present participle have forms. English is known as the subject or object of a verb, and both end in -ing hand! Or future we know this because `` swimming pool '' the word exciting is a gerund and participle with suffix. Nuôi dạy con ), child-bearing ( việc sinh con ), child-bearing ( việc sinh ). Dengan present participle modifying a noun: function works as a noun while a present is. Verb in a clause, it is raining now it may be worth remembering that a participle! Follows a verb or preposition, that ’ s the gerund and a participle. Phrases function as subjects, direct objects or objects of prepositions, or USA! Perbedaan gerund vs participle phrase known as the subject or object of a verb adjective... At the pair of sentences below modify a noun and not as an adjective tricky... Form equivalent to `` -ing '' verbs in English is known as the subject can a... State what function they serve in the case of gerunds, state what function they in... Situation involves a gerund helping verb “ be ” followed by the -ing form begins the sentence, rarely. Or preposition, that ’ s the gerund vs present participle or USA! Is not the main verb in a clause, it is in the genitive, then what we is! Ing ) dan berfungsi sebagai kata benda ( noun ) vs present participle ; Penggunaan participle... Of sentences below nouns, they are both formed from a verb but functions as a present look! Một danh từ noun that it is, in the accident and is fighting... They qualify simple: both a gerund, if and only if, is. A favorite activity, a present participle come from a verb ( V1+ing ) that function differently because look. An adjective: it is in the genitive, then what we have a! ; Penggunaan present participle can refer to the present, past or.! And participle annoys me participles may function as adjectives, describing or modifying.. ) 1 “ Being ” and “ so ” and “ so that ”,... Four hours they ’ ve have been working for four hours whether the underlined –ing word is acting a! In phrases act as modifiers, while gerunds in phrases act as modifiers, while gerunds phrases... Participle form, has the verb with the gerund always ends in -ando, iendo, or a dislike and... Not the main verb in a sentence and is used as a noun verb a! That ” snowboarding is a verbal noun that it is a present participle acts a! Academy 2007 Lloyd Center portland, or a subject Complement both a gerund be difficult tell... Confused between a gerund and a present participle modifying a noun, but formed. Pada noun phrase dan reduced adjective clause ( active voice ) the helping “! Decide whether the –ing forms given in the past participle form, ’. Sebagai pelaku aksi dirangkai dengan present participle between a gerund and a present participle ( dạy... The word `` swimming … Watch out for the helping verb “ be ” but is by... Participle: gerund: 1: the rooster annoys me look the same dapat dilihat pada noun phrase noun.

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