Cottonwoods provide very important habitat for many birds. AKA Fremont's Cottonwood Fremont cottonwood has been used mainly in the past for fuel and fence posts. Its principal uses today are for erosion control, wildlife food and shelter, and shade for livestock and recreation facilities. Named after 19th century American explorer John C. Fremont, it is similar to the Eastern Cottonwood, differing mainly in the leaves having fewer, larger serrations on the leaf edge and small … Populus fremontii, commonly known as Frémont's cottonwood, is a cottonwood (and thus a poplar) native to riparian zones of the Southwestern United States and northern through central Mexico. It is also grown for ornamental plantings and windbreaks. Alamo, or Fremont cottonwood (P. fremontii), tallest of the group, is found in southwestern North America. Fremont cottonwood communities are declining as a result of human activities. A 1914 survey along the Gila River of Arizona showed 1,584 acres (641 ha) - 33% of the survey area - was occupied by Fremont and other cottonwoods. Cottonwood trees grow very fast making them desirable for timber production. Both male and female plants produce spiky flowers called catkins that appear before the leaves come out. On female trees, cottony seeds which can number in the millions on mature trees follow from the catkins. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. Fremont cottonwood has been widely planted as an ornamental and a shade tree, and used as a windbreak throughout the southwestern United States. Trees are either male or female. Some cottonwood trees have been known to add six feet or more in height every single year! Many species and hybrids have wood with a variety of uses, including for matches and matchboxes. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. Cottonwoods get their name from the profusion of cotton-like seeds that they shed every spring. In the United States, the species can be found in Arizona, California, Colorado, Idaho, Nevada, New Mexico, Texas, and Utah.In Mexico, it can be found in the states of Baja California, Baja California Sur, Sonora, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Nuevo León, Mexico State, and Puebla. Twigs were used by the Pima for basket materials. General: Fremont's Cottonwood (Populus fremontii) is a tall, stately tree with a rounded top, heart-shaped leaves, and thick gray, furrowed bark.. Fremont's Cottonwood is found along washes, rivers, and other wet areas in the Upper Sonoran (Mojave Desert Scrub and Pinyon-Juniper Woodland) life zone.Family: Willow (Salicaceae).. Other Names: . Fremont’s cottonwood is a native tree growing in riparian areas near streams, rivers and wetlands in the American Southwest. Other Common Names: Cottonwood Comments: This is the common Cottonwood of the Verde Valley, and most of Arizona. Fremont Cottonwood Populus fremontii subspecies fremontii Plant type Deciduous tree Size 40′ – 60’x30′ or wider Light Full sun Water Regular Zone 6 to 10. Fremont's cottonwood (P. fremontii) is native to the southwestern United States and western Mexico. Populus fremontii ssp. The Plants Database includes the following 2 subspecies of Populus fremontii . The beautiful Fremont Cottonwood is an iconic symbol of a moist area within an otherwise arid landscape. The Fremont Cottonwood, also known as the Western Cottonwood or the Rio Grande Cottonwood, Populus fremontii, occurs in California east to Utah and Arizona and south into northwest Mexico. Fremont's cottonwood trees range from 12 to 35 meters in height, and trunk diameter ranges from 0.30 to 1.5 meters. Populus fremontii S. Watson – Fremont cottonwood Subordinate Taxa. The Fremont Cottonwood can be found throughout the southwestern United States and into northern Mexico while the Black Poplar is native to Europe and western Asia. The bark is smooth in younger trees, becoming deeply furrowed with whitish cracked bark with age. It is one of three species in Populus sect. Fremont cottonwood was the most widespread riparian community of … Fremont Cottonwood is more common in our area than Black Cottonwood. Aigeiros.The tree was named after 19th century American explorer and pathfinder John C. Frémont Cahuilla tribes used the wood for mortars and tools. Great Plains cottonwood ( P. sargentii ), of North America, has thick coarse-toothed leaves. Populus fremontii. Southwestern United States P. fremontii ), tallest of the Verde Valley and. Riparian community of … Populus fremontii S. Watson – fremont cottonwood communities are declining as a result of human.. Shed every spring of … Populus fremontii fremont cottonwood is more common in our area Black. 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